A Food Security Monitoring System (FSMS) is an useful tool in tracking the food security status of vulnerable housheolds in specific geographic regions of particular countries. The goal of any FSMS is to ensure that decision-makers are equipped with timely and relevant information for an appropriate response to a deterioriating food security situation. In other words, monitoring the risks to food security and livelihoods allows WFP and other stakeholders to better anticipate, prepare for and respond to future crises.
Example of FSMS Trends
Given that several factors affect household food security, FSMS's need to incorporate different factors in order to have a complete picture of a particular situation. A FSMS typically provides information gathered regularly (e.g., quarterly) from households, community members or key informants, and market traders. The latter data are combined with other types of information such as crop forecasts, remote sensing and satelitte images, and producer and consumer prices in order to have micro (e.g., household or community) and macro (e.g., sub-national or national) perspectives.